Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 18-23
Generation of Hydrocarbon Fuels from Mixed Polymer Wastes Using Decomposer Chamber
Giday Gebregziabher, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Berhan University, Debrebirhan, Ethiopia
Solomon Mulaw, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Berhan University, Debrebirhan, Ethiopia
Jemal Ebrahim, Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Debre Berhan University, Debrebirhan, Ethiopia
Abebe Tedla, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Berhan University, Debrebirhan, Ethiopia
Haftu Gebretsadik, Department of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Debre Berhan University, Debrebirhan, Ethiopia
Received: Feb. 9, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 13, 2018;       Published: Mar. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jenr.20180701.13      View  1246      Downloads  45
Abstract
Disposal of Waste plastics is one of the causes of major environmental problem in the world since they are not biodegradable. It is common to observe thrown plastic waste along with other trash material in the field especially in developing countries. It is indispensable to reduce the environmental concern by converting the plastic waste into hydrocarbon fuels by thermal degradation. In this study we report the conversion of mixed waste plastics (polymers) into hydrocarbon fuels such a slighter gas and liquid fuels using solid decomposer chamber as reactor. Different types of plastics including Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP) and Polystyrene (PS), which have different melting point temperature ranges, were collected and used as raw materials. Reactor was designed and manufactured to thermally degrade these mixed plastic waste materials through Electric heating. The collected waste plastics were placed in the reactor and heated with different temperature ranges from 40 to 300°C, thereby producing hydrocarbon fuels such as lighter gas (C1-C4), naphtha (C7-C10) and kerosene (C12-C15) and were collected based on their temperature ranges. Chemical and physical properties of the products were analyzed qualitatively and the liquid products (naphtha (C7-C10) & kerosene (C12-C15)) formed were analyzed using FT-IR spectrometer spectrum to identify the existing functional groups. Most of the aliphatic compounds including Alkane, alkene, alkyl group and hydroxyls are present in the products.
Keywords
Hydrocarbon Fuel, Plastic Waste, Reactor, Thermal Degradation
To cite this article
Giday Gebregziabher, Solomon Mulaw, Jemal Ebrahim, Abebe Tedla, Haftu Gebretsadik, Generation of Hydrocarbon Fuels from Mixed Polymer Wastes Using Decomposer Chamber, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 18-23. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20180701.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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