Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 32-39
Investigating Energy-Related Occupants' Behaviors on Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings (Opening/Closing Windows and Blinds)
Shima Molavi Sanzighi, Department of Architecture, Gonbad Kavoos Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gonbad Kavoos, Iran
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;       Published: Jun. 20, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jenr.20180701.15      View  689      Downloads  42
Abstract
Considering the high energy consumption in the building sector, there are several ways to improve energy consumption, part of which is technology-related and partly related to the performance of the people, given that the human segment is much easier and cheaper than the technology sector., The optimal use of these energy-driven behaviors can greatly help improve indoor comfort and reduce energy consumption in the building. In this research, the effects of changes in the energy-oriented behavior pattern (opening and closing of the window and curtain) on the cooling load and power consumption are reviewed annually in a common building. Building simulation was done using the Designer Bidder software. It was found that the use of a proper behavior pattern could reduce the percentage of energy consumption (electricity for cooling). After choosing a residential building in the Gonbad-e-Kavos, a typical apartment building in the city, simulations have been carried out in three modes, and the cooling and electricity consumption (purely for cooling) models are compared in one year. In the simulated model, the third state behavioral model was more favorable in terms of reducing cooling load and power consumption in one year. The results of this simulation show that a change in behavior patterns can make a significant change in its energy consumption. Energy-efficient behaviors have a very high potential for optimizing energy consumption in buildings along with other engineering and technical solutions.
Keywords
Energy–Related Behavior, Reducing Energy Consumption, Thermal Comfort, Design Builder Software, Residential Building
To cite this article
Shima Molavi Sanzighi, Investigating Energy-Related Occupants' Behaviors on Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings (Opening/Closing Windows and Blinds), Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 32-39. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20180701.15
Reference
[1]
G. M. Huebner, I. Hamilton, Z. chalabi, D. Shipworth and T. Oreszczyn, "Explaining domestic energy consumption-The comparative contribution of building factors, socio-demographics, behaviours and attitudes," Applied Energy, vol. 159, pp. 589-600, 2015.
[2]
D. Yan, T. Hong, B. Dong, A. Mahdavi, S. D Oca, I. Gaetani and X. Feng, "IEA EBC Annex66:Definition and simulation of occupant behavior in buildings," Energy and Buildings, vol. 156, pp. 258-270, 2017.
[3]
I. Blom, L. Itard and A. Meijer, "Environmental impact of building-related and user-related energy consumption in dwellings," Building and Environmet, vol. 46, pp. 1657-1669, 2011.
[4]
L. Swan and V. Ugursal, "Modeling of end-use consumption in the residential sector: Areview of modeling techniques," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, pp. 1819-1835, 2009.
[5]
T. Dietz, P. C. Stren and E. U. Weber, "Reducing carbon-based energy consumption through changes in household behavior," The American Academy of Arts& Sciences, vol. 142, pp. 78-89, 2013.
[6]
"The World Bank IBRD.IDA. CO2 Emissions (metric tons per capita)," [Online]. Available: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.ATM.CO2E.PC; 2015 (Accessed 16.05.02).
[7]
D. Zhao, A. Mccoy, J. Du, P. Agee and Y. Lu, "Intraction effects of building technology and resident behavior on energy consumption in residential buildings," Energy and Buildings, vol. 134, pp. 223-233, 2017.
[8]
T. Hong, S. D "Oca, W. J. Turner and S. Taylor-Lange, "An ontology to represent energy-related occupant behavior in buildings. Part 1: Introducing to the DNAs framework," Building and Environment, vol. 92, pp. 764-777, 2015.
[9]
T. Hong, S. D Oca, S. Taylor-Lange, W. J. Turner, Y. Chen and S. Corgnati, "An ontology to represent energy-related occupant behavior in buildings. Part 2: Implementation of the DANs framework using an XML schema," Building and Environment, vol. 94, pp. 196-205, 2015.
[10]
K. Sun and T. Hong, "A simulation approach to estimate energy saving potential of occupant behavior measures," Energy and Buildings, vol. 136, pp. 43-62, 2017.
[11]
D. Yan, W. O"Brien, T. Hong, X. Feng, H. Gunay, F. Tahmasebi and A. Mahdavi, "Occupant behavior modeling for building performance simulation: cuurent state and future challenges," Energy and Buildings, vol. 107, pp. 264-278, 2015.
[12]
C. Hiller, "Factors influencing residents energy use-A study of energy-related behavior in 57 Swedish homes," Energy and Buildings, vol. 87, pp. 243-252, 2015.
[13]
F. Stazi, F. Naspi and M. D "Orazio, "A literture review on driving factors and contextual events influencing occupants behaviors in buildings," Building and Environment, vol. 118, pp. 40-66, 2017.
[14]
K. Sun and T. Hong, "A farmework for quantifying the impact of occupant behavior on energy savings of energy conservation measures," Energ and Buildings, vol. 146, pp. 383-396, 2017.
[15]
E. Delzendeh, S. Wu, A. Lee and Y. Zhou, "The impact of occupant s behaviors on building energy analysis: A research review," Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 80, pp. 1061-1071, 2017.
[16]
M. Yao and B. Zhao, "Window opening behavior of occupants in residential buildings in Beijing," Building and Environment, vol. 124, pp. 441-449, 2017.
[17]
J. Kim, T. Hong, J. Jeong, M. Lee, K. Jeong, C. Koo and J. Jeong, "Establishment of an optimal occupant behavior considering the energy consumption and indoor environmental quality by region," Applied Energy, vol. 204, pp. 1431-1443, 2017.
[18]
T. Hong, S. Taylor-Lang, S. D Oca, D. Yan and S. Corgnati, "Advances in research and applications of energy-related occupant behavior in buildings," Energy and Buildings, vol. 116, pp. 694-702, 2016.
[19]
M. Vellei, S. Natarajan, B. Bin, J. Padget and I. Walker, "The effect of real-time context-aware feedback on occupants heating behavior and thermal adaption," Energy and Buildings, vol. 123, pp. 179-191, 2016.
[20]
Z. Zomordian and M. Tahsildoost, "Validation of energy simulation software in the building, with an empirical and comparative approach (in persian)," Energy, vol. 56, pp. 115-132, 2015.
[21]
Z. Yu, B. Fung, H. Friborz, H. Yoshino and E. Morofsky, "A systematic procedure to study the influence of occupant behavior on building energy consumption," Energy and Buildings, vol. 43, pp. 1409-1417, 2011.
[22]
P. Hoes, J. Hensen, M. Loomans, B. d. Vries and D. Bourgeois, "User behavior in whole building simulation," Energy and Buildings, vol. 41, pp. 295-302, 2009.
Browse journals by subject