Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 30-36
Using Meteorological Data to Adjust Water-Pricing of Urban Resident Households
Juan Zhao, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, China; Mingde College, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
Xingmin Mu, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, China; Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, CAS & MWR, Yangling, China
Wenbing Shi, College of Resource and Environmental Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
Mei Ou, Mingde College, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China
Received: Apr. 26, 2019;       Published: Apr. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jenr.20190801.15      View  26      Downloads  5
Abstract
In this paper, a dynamic method is presented for setting the price of urban residential water. Using a model called Seasonal Water Pricing (SWP); urban residential water pricing was set by taking into account the fact that some of the characteristics of temperature and precipitation may also influence residential water supply levels. In this work, an SWP model was adopted and used to estimate correction coefficients for urban residential water prices. The adjusted cost of water was < 3% of the disposable per capita income of customers. Thus, this work offers a basis for reforming water resource pricing in China.
Keywords
Water Prices, SWP Model, Temperature, Precipitation, Adjusted Water Pricing, Xi’an
To cite this article
Juan Zhao, Xingmin Mu, Wenbing Shi, Mei Ou, Using Meteorological Data to Adjust Water-Pricing of Urban Resident Households, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 30-36. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20190801.15
Reference
[1]
A. K. Biswas, “Water for sustainable development in the 21st century, Address to 7th world congress on water resources, ” Water International. Morocco, 1991.
[2]
Bian. Hao, and Zhu. Man Lin. “Study on Water Resource Pricing of the Second Phase Donglei of Pumping from the Yellow River based on Value-price Fuzzy Model, ”Journal of Water Resources and Water Engineering, vol. 24 (2013), pp. 164–167.
[3]
B. H. Hurd, M. Callaway, J. Smith, and P. Kirshen, “Climatic Change and U.S. Water Resources from Climatic Change and U.S. Water Resources,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 40 (2004), pp. 129.
[4]
C. H. Truong, “A Two Factor Model for Water Prices and Its Implications for Evaluating Real Options and Other Water Price Derivatives,” Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics-Revue Canadienne D Agroeconomie, vol. 62 (2014), pp. 23–45.
[5]
Chu. Jun Ying, Wang. Hao, and Wang. Can, “Exploring price effects on the residential water conservation technology diffusion process: A case study of Tianjin city,” Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, vol. 7 (2013), pp. 688–698.
[6]
D. Blaney, “Water Resource Management in a Vulnerable World: The Hydro-Hazardscapes of Climate Change,” Global Environmental Politics, vol. 14 (2014), pp. 138–139.
[7]
Duan. Yu Zhen, “Research about Urban Water Resources Price and Water Policy Based on Full Cost Water Price: A Hefei Perspective,” University of Science and Technology of China, 2016.
[8]
Feng. Yan Min, and Feng. Jie, “Research on Full-Cost Pricing Model of Water Resource in Market Economy,” Water Power, vol. 35 (2009), pp. 86-89, 93.
[9]
Gan. Hong, Qin. Chang Hai, Wang. Lin, and Zhang. Xiao Juan, “Study on water pricing method and practice Ⅰ. Discussion on the connotation of water resources value,”Shuili Xuebao, vol. 43 (2012), pp. 289–295, 301.
[10]
Guo. Peng, Wang. Min, and Wang. Li Fang, “Study on Model of Water Resource Pricing Based on DHGF Algorithm,” Environmental Protection Science, vol. 38 (2012), pp. 45–49.
[11]
G. Ziervogel, P. Johnston, M. Matthew, and P. Mukheibir, “Using climate information for supporting climate change adaptation in water resource management in South Africa,” Climatic Change, vol. 103 (2010), pp. 537–554.
[12]
He. Jing, Chen. Xi Kang, Shi. Yong, and Li. Ai Hua, “Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model and Sensitivity Analysis for Shadow Price of Water Resource in China,” Water Resources Management, vol. 21 (2006), pp. 1517–1533.
[13]
Hung. Ming Feng, and C. Bin-Tzong, “Residential Water Use: Efficiency, Affordability, and Price Elasticity,” Water Resources Management, vol. 27, pp. 275–291.
[14]
I. Ioslovich, and P. O. Gutman, “A model for the global optimization of water prices and usage for the case of spatially distributed sources and consumers,” Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, vol. 56, pp. 347–356.
[15]
J. L. Pullen, and B. G. Colby, “Influence of Climate Variability on the Market Price of Water in the Gila-San Francisco Basin,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 33 (2013), pp. 473–487.
[16]
Jia. Shao Feng, and Kang. Deng Yong, “Influence of Water Price Rising on Water Demand in North China,” Advances in Water Science, vol. 11, pp. 49–53.
[17]
K. A. Miller, and V. Belton, “Water resource management and climate change adaptation: A holistic and multiple criteria perspective,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 19 (2014), pp. 289–308.
[18]
Liu. Chang Ming, and He. Xi Wu, “China Water Strategies for the 21st Century,” Beijing, China, Press of Science and Technology, 1999.
[19]
Li. Ke, Qi. Jing Yao, C. Brown, and J. L. Ryan, “Effect of scenario assumptions on climate change risk estimates in a water resource system,” Climate Research, vol. 59 (2014), pp. 149–160.
[20]
Ma. Li Hua, Su. Xiao Ling, and Hu. Xiao, “Water price for urban domestic water based on ELES model: Case study of Chongqing City,” Journal of Economics of Water Resources, vol. 32 (2017), pp. 56-58, 78.
[21]
M. Minville, F. Brissette, and R. Leconte, “Impacts and Uncertainty of Climate Change on Water Resource Management of the Peribonka River System (Canada),” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management-Asce, vol. 136 (2010), pp. 376–385.
[22]
Ma. Xun Zhou, and Yao. Jian, “Preliminary Study on Establishing a Model of Seasonal Ascending Water Supplying Price,” Water Conservancy Science and Technology and Economy, vol. 12 (2006), pp. 734–736.
[23]
Qu. Jin Na, Ma. Xizo Yi, and Zhang. Jian Xing, “Influence of Climate Variation of He- Long Reach to Water Resources,” Yellow River, vol. 30 (2008), pp. 42–45.
[24]
R. C. De, Loe., and R. D. Kreutzwiser,“Climate variability, climate change and water resource management in the Great Lakes,”Climatic Change, vol. 45 (2000), pp. 163–179.
[25]
R. M. Leichenko, “Climate-Change And Water-Resource Availability - an Impact Assessment for Bombay And Madras, India,” Water International, vol. 18 (1993), pp. 147–156.
[26]
R. Pesic, M. Jovanovic, and J. Jovanovic, “Seasonal water pricing using meteorological data: Case study of Belgrade,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 60 (2013), pp. 147–151.
[27]
S. Hajkowicz, and K. Collins, “A Review of Multiple Criteria Analysis for Water Resource Planning and Management,” Water Resources Management, vol. 21 (2007), pp. 1553–1566.
[28]
Sun. Lu Hui, “Water price reforms - implementation of the ladder price,” Ecological Economy, vol. 30 (2014), pp. 12–15.
[29]
S. M. Olmstead, and R. N. Stavins, “Comparing price and nonprice approaches to urban water conservation,” Water Resources Research, vol. 45 (2008), pp. 262-275.
[30]
S. M. Olmstead, W. M. Hanemann, and R. N. Stavins, “Water demand under alternative price structures,” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol. 54 (2007), pp. 181–198.
[31]
S. Tsitsifli, K. Gonelas, A. Papadopoulou, V. Kanakoudis, C. Kouziakis, and S. Lappos, “Socially fair drinking water pricing considering the full water cost recovery principle and the non-revenue water related cost allocation to the end users. Desalination and Water Treatment,” vol. 99 (2017), pp. 72-82.
[32]
T. C. Brown, “Trends in water market activity and price in the western United States,” Water Resources Research, vol. 42 (2006).
[33]
Wang. Li Fang., Chen. Chun Xue, and Xiong. Ting, “An Econometric Model of Multistep Water Pricing for Urban Household Water Consumption and Its Application,” Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute, vol. 28 (2011), pp. 5–8, 13.
[34]
Xue. Liang, and Qiu. Guo Yi, “Issues of water resources and environment in Xi'an with rapid urbanization,” Northern Environmental, vol. 25 (2013), pp. 1–8.
[35]
Ye. Yun Tao, Liang. Li Li, Gong. Jia Guo, Jiang. Yun Zhong, and Wang. Hao, “Spatial-temporal variability characteristics of precipitation structure across the upper Yangtze River basin, China.” Advances in Water Science, vol. 25 (2014), pp. 164–171.
[36]
Zhong. Li Jing, and A. P. Mol, “Water Price Reforms in China: Policy-Making and Implementation,” Water Resources Management, vol. 24 (2010), pp. 377-396.
[37]
Zhang. Li Ping, Xia. Jun, and Hu. Zhi Fang, “Situation and Problem Analysis of Water Resource Security in China,” Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, vol. 18 (2009), pp. 116–120.
[38]
Zhao. Ran Hang, and Chen. Shou Yu, “Fuzzy pricing for urban water resources: Model construction and application.” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 88 (2008), pp. 458–466.
[39]
Zhou. Zheng Chao, Hu. Na Na, and Zhou. Hua, “Analysis on the Change Trend of Temperature and Precipitation in Xi'an during the Period of 1961-2009,” Arid Zone Research, vol. 29 (2012), pp. 27–34.
Browse journals by subject