Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 81-87
Estimation of Wind Energy Potential for Two Locations in North-East Region of Nigeria
Abdullahi Ahmed, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria
Bashir Isyaku Kunya, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 29, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 26, 2020;       Published: Jul. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jenr.20200902.15      View  40      Downloads  11
Abstract
This paper presents an estimation of wind power potential of North East, Nigeria (Bauchi and Maiduguri) on the basis of monthly wind speed data at 10m height from the ground. The data for the locations were collected from Nigeria metrological station, Abuja for the period of (2013-2017). Mean monthly values were used in calculation of Weibull distribution parameters c (scale factor ms-1) and k (shape factor). The Weibull results shows that for Bauchi, the shape factor ranges from 2.86 – 5.96 and scale factor ranges from 2.32ms-1 – 2.54ms-1 while Maiduguri the shape factor ranges from 2.66 – 5.52 and values of scale factor ranges from 4.74ms-1 – 5.89ms-1. It is evident that the maximum average monthly value of wind speed in Bauchi occurs in year 2017 with value of 3.8ms-1 in the month of May while the maximum average wind speed in Maiduguri occurs in year 2013 with value of 8.5ms-1 in the month of December. The probability distribution function f(V) of wind speed, together with the duration function T(V) was evaluated for the period under investigation. From the statistical analysis of distributions, the Weibull distribution was found to have better fittings in the probability distribution functions f(V) and T(V). The value of power density was computed to be 33.47W/m2 (class I) & 374.62W/m2 (class II) and energy density was also computed to be 24.9 kWh/m2 & 278kWh/m2 for both Bauchi and Maiduguri respectively.
Keywords
Weibull Distribution, Weibull Parameters, Duration Function, Wind Energy
To cite this article
Abdullahi Ahmed, Bashir Isyaku Kunya, Estimation of Wind Energy Potential for Two Locations in North-East Region of Nigeria, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 9, No. 2, 2020, pp. 81-87. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20200902.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
E. K. Akinpar, S. Akinpar, “Determination of the wind energy potential for Maden, Turkey”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 45 (18) pp. 2901-2914 (2004).
[2]
A. S. Ahmed, R. Shata Hanitsch, “Evaluation of wind energy potential and electricity generation on the coast of Mediterranean Sea Egypt”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 31 (7) pp. 183-202 (2006).
[3]
A. N Celik, “On the distributional parameters used in assessment of the suitability of wind speed probability density functions”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 45 (13) pp. 1735-1747 (2004).
[4]
N. Emmani, H. Behbahani-Nia, “The statistical evaluation of wind speed and power density in the Firouzkouh region in Iran”. Taylor and Francis, Vol. 34 (12) pp. 1076-1083 (2013).
[5]
A. N. Celik, “A statistical analysis of wind power density based on the Weibull and Rayleigh Models at the southern region of Turkey”. Renewable Energy, Vol. 29 (5) pp. 593-604 (2004).
[6]
M. J. Stevens, P. T. Smulders, “The estimation of the parameters of the Weibull wind speed distribution for wind energy utilization purposes” Wind Engineering, Vol. 3 (2) pp. 132-84 (1979).
[7]
S. A. Ahmed “Investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy potential at Ras Ghareb, Egypt” Renewable and Sustainable, Energy Reviews, Vol. 5 (2) pp. 2750-2755 (2003).
[8]
Z. Durisic, J. Mikulovic, “Assessment of the wind energy resource in the south Banat region Serbia”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16 (4) pp. 3014-3023 (2012).
[9]
M. A Alsaad, “Wind energy potential in selected areas of Jordan”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 65 (10) pp. 704-708 (2013).
[10]
J. O. Ojosu, R. I. Salawu, “A statistical analysis of wind energy potential for power generation in Nigeria”, Solar and Wind Technology, Vol. 7 (2) pp. 155-167 (1990).
[11]
K. Ulgen, A. Hepbasli, “Determination of Weibull parameter for wind energy analysis of Izmir, Turkey”, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 26 (4) pp. 495-506 (2002).
[12]
D. Watts, D. Jara, “Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 36 (7) pp. 1603-1613 (2011).
[13]
A. Ahmed “Estimation of wind energy potential for two locations in north west region of Nigeria”, International Journal of Advanced Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol 1 (5) pp. 6-10 (2018).
[14]
A. Ahmed “Investigation of wind energy resource on the basis of Weibull and Rayleigh models in north eastern and western Nigeria” American Journal of Aerospace Engineering, Vol 1 (6) pp. 27-32 (2019).
Browse journals by subject